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Wind instruments

Wind instruments were included in the group of aerophones by the Sachs-Hornbostel classification , published for the first time in volume 46 of the Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, in 1914. 


They are defined as such because the sound is generated by a vibrating column of air. For some the air is supplied by a reservoir, as in the accordion or in some organ components, for others the reservoir is in any case supplied by the human breath - bagpipe, bagpipe, ... - or derived from a breath that the musician blows in the instrument from a natural mouthpiece - flutes, piccolo, ocarina, ... -, through a simple reed - clarinet, saxophone-,  or double reed - oboe, bassoon - or a mouthpiece - the so-called brass, tuba, horn, trumpet, trombone, ... -.


The vibration of the air is conditioned by the postures of the different portions of the vocal tract - vocal cords, pharynx, tongue, soft palate, lips - reducing or increasing its diameters and consequently govern the flow emitted, according to how you want to activate the sound in the instrument.

The control of the vocal tract in the wind instrumentalist is as important as auditory control: a lesion of the vocal cords, the presence of pharyngolaryngeal reflux, incorrect lingual or velar dynamics can be factors that condition the learning or the continuation of a career, as well as an inadverted hearing loss.

Evaluation for wind instrumentalists: oral videofibroscopy + videorhinolaryngostroboscopy + audiometric examination (tonal + HF) 

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